OF DEVON, ENGLAND.
(Talaton, Heavitree, Upottery,
Otterton, Littleham, etc.)
Early mentions of this Gatter family at Talaton go back as far
as 1569. In that year we find John and Richard Gator in the Muster
Rolls listing "all able bodied men over the age of 18". We know
little about them and so it is not certain whether they are father
and son, brothers, or else. However their first names John and Richard
can still be found generations later in this Talaton family, and
can thus be called "lead names" which have been passed on from father
to son for centuries.
The Muster Rolls of 1569 are an account of those who presented
themselves, with their accoutrements, at a parade to show the county
authorities who and what arms were available in each Hundred for
the purposes of defence.
To the musters came all men between the ages of 16 and
60 together with the arms and armour prescribed for them. The frequency
of the musters varied with the perceived danger and varied from once every
three years to twice a year. The muster usually covered two days with
an interval between them. The deputy lieutenant or a Justice of the Peace
presided, with a clerk to note the results. At the end of the first day
the men were given a day's pay. On the second day absentees were liable
to a fine of forty shillings (£2) or ten days in prison. Additional arms
and armour had to be provided by the wealthier residents and the parish
By the mid 17th century the Gatter family of Tatalon had
grown in size and so we find in the Protestation Oath Returns of 1641
five male Gater/Gatter above the age of 18.
Brief History of Talaton
"TALATON, or Tallaton, a village on a northern declivity, 3 1/2
miles N.W. of Ottery St. Mary, and 11 miles N.E. of Exeter, has
in its parish 462 souls, and about 2250 acres of land, rising to
a bold eminence, which overlooks the Otter valley, and including
140A. of waste, and the hamlets of Larkbeare, Escot, Talewater,
and Fairmile, and several scattered houses. Sir John Kennaway, Bart.,
is lord of the manor and owner of a great part of the soil, and
has a handsome seat here, called Escot House, built on the site
of the old mansion, which was erected about 1688, and was destroyed
by fire, on Dec. 28th, 1808, . . . J.P. Mathew, Esq., owns part
of the parish, and resides at Ridon House; and Mr. R. Pratt and
a few smaller freeholders have estates here. The Church (St. James,)
has a tower and five bells, and contains a rich screen, and some
memorials of the Eveleigh and other families. The rectory, valued
in K.B. at £32. 3s. 1 1/2d., and in 1831 at £581, is in the patronage
and incumbency of the Rev. L.P. Welland, who has 62A. 1R. 1P. of
glebe, and a rent-charge in lieu of tithes. . . ." [From White's
Devonshire Directory (1850)]
Exeter Cathedral (1804 engraving)
The first tracable ancestor of this Talaton family is Richard Gatter,
born likely around 1610 in Talaton, Devon. He married on 16 Apr.
1638 at St Sidwells, Exeter and died on 04 Nov 1655 at Talaton (his
death could however also be on 15 Jul 1689 or 13 Mar 1691. His wife
was Dorothy Lee, died on 30 Sept 1657 at Talaton.
In the following decades the family spreads to the neigboring villages
of Heavitree (1733), Plymtree (1736), Combe Raleigh (1775), Upottery
(1777), Colaton Raleigh (1786), Otterton (1810), Farringdon (1816),
Plymouth (1851), Littleham (1865), Honiton (1871), in Ottery St.
Mary (1873), Exmouth (1897), and Budleigh Salterton (1940). If you
want to know more about these towns, then consult the GENUKI
gazeteer of Devon.
But Members of the family also soon left Devon. In the early 19th
century we find them in Wales and Gloscester in the towns of Michaelstone-Y-Fedw,
Monmouthshire, Wales (1804), Bristol, Glos. (1810), and Cardiff,
In the second half of the 19th century members of this family left
England for Australia and America (see below).
By the late 18th century the Gatter branch that is of interest
here lived in Upottery.
Brief History of Upottery
"UPOTTERY, or Up-Ottery, is a pleasant village, in the picturesque
valley of the river Otter, a few miles from its source, and 5 miles
N.E. by N. of Honiton, Its parish contains 991 souls, and 5830A.
3R. 23P. of land, including the Rawridge tithing, and manthe y scattered
farms, and extending to the borders of Somersetshire. Here is a
cattle fair on October 17th, and an annual ploughing match. Viscount
Sidmouth is lord of the manor and owner of a great part of the parish,
and resides at the large new Manor House, which has been lately
erected at great expense. . . . The manor was given by the Conqueror
to Ralph de Pomeroy, and was afterwards given to the church of Rouen,
from which it passed to Sir Nicholas Cheyney, in the reign of Henry
III. It afterwards passed to the Willoughby, Blount, and Popham
families, and was purchased of the latter by Dr. Addington, father
of the late Viscount Sidmouth. The CHURCH (St. Mary,) is a fine
antique structure, with a tower and five bells. . . . The Dean and
Chapter of Exeter are patrons of the vicarage, . . . The Rev. George
Lowe, M.A. is the vicar, and in 1843'-4, erected a new Vicarage
House, in Elizabethan style, at the cost of about £1600. . . ."
[From White's Devonshire Directory (1850)]
The ancestor of this line is Francis Gatter, born around 1780.
He is likely to be identical with the Francis Gatter born on February
8, 1780 in Upottery as son of Robert Gatter and Elizabeth Gooding.
Francis Gatter left Devon and settled in Wales. He married
Cecilia Spooner on 22 Dezember 1804 in Michaelstone-Y-Fedw, a little village
which is just on the outskirts of Cardiff, Wales. Cecilia Sponer She was
born in 1787 in Michaelstone-Y-Fedw, Mon.. They had eight children (see
below). Francis Gatter died 1852 in St Phillips & Jacob, Bristol, Gloscester.
Michaelstone-Y-Fedw, Douglas Mumma writes:
"Few people ever lived in the area and even
fewer are living there today. This is where Francis Gatter, was
married to Cecilia Spooner in 1805 and where their son William Gatter,
was baptized in 1804. We met the Rector and he opened the church
and showed us photocopies of these marriage and baptismal records.
Because of fire insurance issues, the originals are stored in Glamorgan.
It is a lovely small church that dates back to the 5th century and
they are in the process of a major restoration. Most of the church
members now live outside of the parish boundaries."
parish church in Michaelstone-Y-Fedw
(courtesy of Doug Mumma)
of Francis Gatter (at top)
(courtesy of Mike John)
of Francis Gatter (middle)
(courtesy of Mike John)
One of Francis' children, William Gatter, was born on 6 Oktober 1805
in Michaelstone-Y-Fedw, Mon., and died on 4 März 1888 in Walcot, Bath,
He married Elizabeth Powell on 9 September (born
1804, died 1867 in Bridgwater, Somerset). From birth records, we
know the family moved from Bristol to Bridgewater between 1841 and
1845. Here they lived at 49 North Street. It is a nice little building
with a blue door (see photo), conveniently located accross from
a pub, as his descendant Joan Gatter and husband Doug Mumma could
establish during their 2001 summer trip to the old country.
William Gatter in the 1850s in Bridgwater, Somerset
(courtesy of Doug Mumma)
Mumma writes (www.mumma.org):
Of the descendents
of William Gatter (1805-1888), the eldest four migrated to Australia. Among
them was George Prowlin Gatter who landed in Melbourne. The specific
place was called "Box Hill", which is probably a suburb of Melbourne.
George emigrated from England to Australia on the ship, "Ben Nevis".
He left Liverpool 22 Jun 1855 and arrived in Victoria 4 Oct 1855.
There he established the "London" Nursery in Box Hill in 1861. He
is buried in the Box Hill cemetery. Interesting that he continued
in his father's footsteps of raising plants, just as his last remaining
descendant in Australia who uses the Gatter surname.
BEN NEVIS The "Ben Nevis" was the first ship owned
by Pilkington & Wilson's White Star Line of Liverpool. She was however,
too short and deep for her tonnage, her measurements being:- Length
overall 181ft; Beam 38ft 6ins; Depth of hold 28ft; Registered tonnage
1420. Commanded by Captain Heron, she sailed for Melbourne on 27th
Sept.1852, with 600 passengers, a cabin passage in her costing L25,
and she took 96 days going out. She was built in 1852 by W & R Wright
& Smith of Nova Scotia, and ended up in the 1870's on the St Lawrence
- Liverpool timber trade.
(above the ship Ben Nevis, on the left Melbourne
Francis William Gatter
(1841-1903) was the only one to end up in America, and four younger children
remained in England.
Francis W. Gatter
was quite a character who gave us fits trying to find out much about
him.As is a common practice with sailors, which he was, he was prone
to telling tall tales.After awhile, we think he began to believe
them. We know he left England about 1857 as a sailor engaged in
"packet service" between England and various ports.In
1861 he was aboard the ship, GOOD HOPE, near Ft. Sumpter in Savannah,
Georgia, the day before the American Civil War started.The merchant
ships were offered the opportunity to join the Southern Navy or
get out of the harbor immediately.Francis decided to stay on his
ship and return to New York.There he decided to enlist in the U.S.
Navy. However, after signing up, he found out he would be on a little
gun boat for one year, but men were offered 3 year enlistments on
the big ships.
of Francis W. Gatter (courtesy of Doug Mumma) Source: "Marine
History of the Pacific Northwest" by Lewis & Dryden. Edited by E.W.
Wright. Antiquarian Press, LTD. New York 1961. page 166.
loved sailing so he literally traded places with a "3 year"
sailor by the name of John Henry.They traded their sea bags and complete
identities - names and all. So Francis served for a year under the
name of "James Henry" until he was mustered out because
of ill health. He immediately resumed using his old name, Francis
Gatter, but retained his "new" place of birth, New York.
I guess it was easier that way and he didn't have to go thought the
immigration process by simply saying he was born in America. Also,
he revised his birth year by 3 years, again for unknown reasons. All
of this came to light when in 1890 he applied for an "invalid
Navy pension" and his previous exploits became known and he confessed
all. All of this information is contained in the American National
Archives in a very thick file. A photograph of Francis (see left)
can be viewed at this URL which is a tribute to men and women who
have served in the US armed services (go to http://www.lonesailor.org/log.php
and enter the name of GATTER and click on Francis' name.
Francis Gatter in 1861 in Boston,
For many years in the late 1800s, Francis Gatter traveld as Captain
of different coastal ships up and down the West Coast, the family
lived first in San Francisco (above) and then in Tacoma (see below).
Before they settled in Oakland, Ca. (below).
The Gatter family finally settled in Oakland, California
(see pictures below).
For more information on this line consult http://www.mumma.org,
and the pedigree chart at http://www.mumma.org/pedigree/jfm_001.html.
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